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Primary key in entity with @Id @GeneratedValue in Spring+JPA+Hibernate framework using EntityManager
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Hints 
@GeneratedValue is one of the annotation of JPA. This is used to generates the value for the primary key value. This has different strategy with algorithm to generates the primary value for the columns.


Example

@Id @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
primary int id;


Strategy
GenerationType.AUTO
GenerationType.IDENTITY
GenerationType.SEQUENCE
GenerationType.TABLE
Project Explorer Preview 
StudentInfo.java
package com.knowledgewalls.entity;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Entity(name="STUDENT_INFO")
public class StudentInfo {
    @Id @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
    @Column(name="STUDENT_ID")
    private int studentId;
    
    @Column(name="STUDENT_NAME")
    private String StudentName;

    public int getStudentId() {
        return studentId;
    }
    public void setStudentId(int studentId) {
        this.studentId = studentId;
    }

    public String getStudentName() {
        return StudentName;
    }
    public void setStudentName(String studentName) {
        StudentName = studentName;
    }    
}
StudentInfoDAO.java
package com.knowledgewalls.dao;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.PersistenceContext;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import com.knowledgewalls.entity.StudentInfo;

@Repository
@Transactional
public class StudentInfoDAO {
    
    @PersistenceContext
    EntityManager em;
    
    public void save(StudentInfo userDetails){
        System.out.println("Called for; Student:"+userDetails.getStudentId());

        try {
            em.persist(userDetails);
        }
        catch(Exception e){
            System.out.println("Insertion Failure; Student:"+userDetails.getStudentId());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
StudentInfoController.java
package com.knowledgewalls.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import com.knowledgewalls.dao.StudentInfoDAO;
import com.knowledgewalls.entity.StudentInfo;

@Controller
public class StudentInfoController {
    
    @Autowired
    StudentInfoDAO studentInfoDAO;
    
    @RequestMapping(value="/addStudent",method=RequestMethod.GET)
    public @ResponseBody String addUsers(){
        {
            StudentInfo studentInfo = new StudentInfo();
                studentInfo.setStudentName("Raj");
                    
            studentInfoDAO.save(studentInfo);
        }
        
        return "Inserted..";
        
    }
}
Persistence.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<persistence version="2.0" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_0.xsd" >

  <persistence-unit name="hibernatePersistenceUnit">
          <properties>
            <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="create" />
        </properties>
  </persistence-unit>

</persistence>
Beans-servlet.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.0.xsd">

    <context:component-scan base-package="com.knowledgewalls" />
    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" />
    
    <bean id="emf" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
        <property name="persistenceXmlLocation" value="classpath*:persistence.xml" />
        <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="hibernatePersistenceUnit" />
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="jpaVendorAdapter" ref="jpaVendorAdapter"/>
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test" />
        <property name="username" value="root" />
        <property name="password" value="mysql" />
        <property name="initialSize" value="5" />
        <property name="maxActive" value="10" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="jpaVendorAdapter" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaVendorAdapter">
        <property name="database" value="MYSQL"></property>
        <property name="showSql" value="true"></property>
        <property name="generateDdl" value="false"></property>
        <property name="databasePlatform" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect"></property>
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">
         <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="emf" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />
    <bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor"/>
    <bean class="org.springframework.dao.annotation.PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor"/>

</beans>
Web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
  <display-name>Hibernate001_BasicEntitySave</display-name>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
 
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>beans</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>beans</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>
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