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What is Query Cache (First level cache) in JPA Spring Hibernate Frameworks
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First level default cache techniques with Spring and Hiberbate framework.
Output: Browser 
Tomcat Console Log 
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: insert into STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_NAME) values (?)
Hibernate: select studentinf0_.STUDENT_ID as STUDENT1_0_, studentinf0_.STUDENT_NAME as STUDENT2_0_ from STUDENT_INFO studentinf0_ where studentinf0_.STUDENT_ID=?
{"studentId":4,"StudentName":"Student 4"}
Hibernate: select studentinf0_.STUDENT_ID as STUDENT1_0_, studentinf0_.STUDENT_NAME as STUDENT2_0_ from STUDENT_INFO studentinf0_ where studentinf0_.STUDENT_ID=?
{"studentId":5,"StudentName":"Student 5"}
{"studentId":4,"StudentName":"Student 4"}
Project Explorer Preview 
StudentInfo.java
package com.knowledgewalls.entity;

import javax.persistence.Cacheable;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

import org.hibernate.annotations.Cache;
import org.hibernate.annotations.CacheConcurrencyStrategy;

@Entity(name="STUDENT_INFO")
@Cacheable
@Cache(usage=CacheConcurrencyStrategy.READ_ONLY)
public class StudentInfo {
    @Id @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
    @Column(name="STUDENT_ID")
    private int studentId;
    
    @Column(name="STUDENT_NAME")
    private String StudentName;
    
    public StudentInfo(){}
    
    public StudentInfo(int studentId,String StudentName){
        this.studentId = studentId;
        this.StudentName = StudentName;
    }
    
    public int getStudentId() {
        return studentId;
    }
    public void setStudentId(int studentId) {
        this.studentId = studentId;
    }

    public String getStudentName() {
        return StudentName;
    }
    public void setStudentName(String studentName) {
        StudentName = studentName;
    }
}
StudentInfoDAO.java
package com.knowledgewalls.dao;

import java.util.List;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.PersistenceContext;

import org.hibernate.Query;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.ejb.HibernateEntityManager;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import com.knowledgewalls.entity.StudentInfo;

@Repository
@Transactional
public class StudentInfoDAO {
    
    @PersistenceContext
    EntityManager em;
    
    public void save10Students(){
        try {
            for (int i=1;i<=10;i++){
                StudentInfo studentInfo = new StudentInfo();
                    studentInfo.setStudentName("Student "+i);
                        
                em.persist(studentInfo);
            }
        }
        catch(Exception e){
            System.out.println("Insertion Failure.");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    public StudentInfo getStudentById(int studentId){
        try {
            HibernateEntityManager hem = em.unwrap(HibernateEntityManager.class);
            Session session = hem.getSession();
            
            Query query = session.createQuery("from STUDENT_INFO where studentId = ?");
                query.setInteger(0, studentId);
                query.setCacheable(true);
                
            List<StudentInfo> studentInfoList = query.list();
            return studentInfoList.get(0);
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
    }
}
StudentInfoController.java
package com.knowledgewalls.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.knowledgewalls.dao.StudentInfoDAO;

@Controller
public class StudentInfoController {
    
    @Autowired
    StudentInfoDAO studentInfoDAO;
    
    private void displayObject(Object object) {
        if (object == null)
            System.out.println("Null");
        else
            System.out.println(new Gson().toJson(object));
    }
    
    @RequestMapping(value="/doRun",method=RequestMethod.GET)
    public @ResponseBody String addUsers(){
        {
            studentInfoDAO.save10Students();
            displayObject(studentInfoDAO.getStudentById(4));
            displayObject(studentInfoDAO.getStudentById(5));
            displayObject(studentInfoDAO.getStudentById(4));
        }
        
        return "Saved and Retrieved by HQL";
        
    }
}
Persistence.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<persistence version="2.0" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_0.xsd" >

  <persistence-unit name="hibernatePersistenceUnit">
          <properties>
            <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="create" />
            <property name="hibernate.cache.use_query_cache" value="true" />
            <property name="hibernate.cache.region.factory_class" value="org.hibernate.cache.ehcache.EhCacheRegionFactory" />
        </properties>
  </persistence-unit>

</persistence>
Beans-servlet.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.0.xsd">

    <context:component-scan base-package="com.knowledgewalls" />
    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" />
    
    <bean id="emf" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
        <property name="persistenceXmlLocation" value="classpath*:persistence.xml" />
        <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="hibernatePersistenceUnit" />
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="jpaVendorAdapter" ref="jpaVendorAdapter"/>
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test" />
        <property name="username" value="root" />
        <property name="password" value="mysql" />
        <property name="initialSize" value="5" />
        <property name="maxActive" value="10" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="jpaVendorAdapter" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaVendorAdapter">
        <property name="database" value="MYSQL"></property>
        <property name="showSql" value="true"></property>
        <property name="generateDdl" value="false"></property>
        <property name="databasePlatform" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect"></property>
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">
         <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="emf" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />
    <bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor"/>
    <bean class="org.springframework.dao.annotation.PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor"/>

</beans>
Web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
  <display-name>Hibernate027_QueryCache</display-name>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
 
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>beans</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>beans</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>
Output: SQL
Drop table if exists STUDENT_INFO;
Create table STUDENT_INFO (STUDENT_ID integer not null auto_increment, STUDENT_NAME varchar(255), primary key (STUDENT_ID)) ENGINE=InnoDB;
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